VERNACULAR PRESS AND THE RISE OF POPULAR POLITICAL CONSCIOUSNESS IN COLONIAL SOUTH ASIA: CONTESTING ‘RAJ’ THROUGH LITERARY TRADITION OF INDIA IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

Author Name : Hassan Imam
Volume : II, Issue :III,November - 2016
Published on : 2016-11-15 , By : IRJI Publication

Abstract :

The present article seeks to examine the changes noticed under the colonial South Asia which has been argued by Karl Marx as ‘destructive’ and ‘regenerative’ phase of British rule. These two terminologies of Marx became an example for the writers of the 20th century to look into it in their literary tradition of India. While dealing with these two phases of history under the Raj, this article analyses the role of vernacular press, published from various parts of the country, in shaping Indian minds and bringing about political consciousness in the country. The term ‘popular’ has been applied here to address class consciousness leading to political conflict and Indian response to colonial rule has also been deliberated.